The Escort Cosworth
Escort Cosworth GrpN and Grp A
Ford cars have been involved in rallying since the late 60s. Not much success though on their account although many individual victories were achieved, most of them due to individual and private efforts until the early 70s when the first, legendary, Ford to race in the World Rally Championship the Escort RS (Mk I and Mk II series) 1600 then 1800 and finally 2000. Juha Kankkunen,Ari Vatanen and Stig Blomquist all started their racing careers in that car. The situation changed somewhat in the late 80s when the Ford motor company associated with its old partner Cosworth Engineering started producing cars that could be considered for use in world rallying.
The name Cosworth, made-up from the two founding engineers of the company Mike Costin and Keith Duckworth, is world famous in racing. The Cosworth company has since been split in many entities and, while the engineering part is now owned by Audi, the Cosworth Racing part is still owned by Ford. The Ford Cosworth series of cars spanned from 1986 to 1996 and were based on the old but solid Ford Pinto derived four cylinder cast iron block powered by an aluminum 16 valve head . The engine consisted of in-line 4 cylinder units with 2 overhead camshafts and was blueprinted from its origin as a supercharged unit using Garrett turbochargers. The engine had a 2 litre displacement and its output was initially 204 Bhp. The latest models had units with up to 227 Bhp output.